Overview Of Cyprus
ِThe Republic of Cyprus has become the focus of attention for many individuals from different parts of the world, whether for tourism, education, residence, or investment. This is due to its strategic location at the crossroads of three continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, following Sicily and Sardinia, covering an area of 9,251 square kilometers. It is situated at the northeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, approximately 380 kilometers from northern Egypt, 105 kilometers west of Syria, and 75 kilometers south of Turkey.
Cyprus is a republic with Nicosia as its capital and largest city. The country has a presidential government system. Under the 1960 constitution, the executive power is vested in the President of the Republic, who holds office for a term of five years, exercising executive authority through the Council of Ministers and government representatives appointed by them.
Moreover, Cyprus is a member of several international organizations, including:
United Nations (UN) and its specialized agencies (since 1960)
Council of Europe (CoE) (since 1961)
Commonwealth (since 1961)
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) (since 1975)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) (since 1960)
World Trade Organization (WTO) (since 1995)
European Union (EU) (since 2004)
Life in Cyprus
The population of the Republic of Cyprus is approximately 1,195,688 people, divided into two main communities: Greek Cypriots, who reside in the south, and Turkish Cypriots, who reside in the north of Cyprus. These two communities share various cultural and societal aspects, but each has a distinct identity.
In Northern Cyprus, the official language is Turkish, and their religion is Islam. Meanwhile, the official language in the south is Greek, and the majority follow the Greek Orthodox Church.
English is widely used due to the former British rule of Cyprus, a significant expatriate population, and Cyprus' focus on developing its tourism sector.
Cyprus Climate and Nature
Cyprus has a Mediterranean climate, with distinct seasons and significant temperature variations. The weather is hot and dry during the summer from mid-May to mid-September, while the period from early November to mid-March is rainy and cold. Spring and autumn are two short transitional seasons with moderate temperatures.
Forests cover about 17% of the island's area, approximately 1,733 square kilometers. These forests have a variety of trees, plants, flowers, animals, and birds. Being a coastal island, Cyprus offers numerous enjoyable sea activities like water skiing, surfing, and parasailing.
Since 2008, the euro has been the official currency in Cyprus. In recent times, Cyprus has managed to restore its position and develop a thriving economy by restructuring its economic system after facing several crises. It has diversified its economic sectors, making it one of the fastest-growing economies in the Eurozone. Cyprus has benefited economically from its European Union membership, which has provided access to a vast single market with advanced economies.
The Cypriot economy relies significantly on the services sector, including finance, real estate, and tourism. Cyprus also contributes to the production sector, particularly in agriculture with vegetables, fruits, and grains. In the industrial sector, Cyprus manufactures metals, wood, and building materials. Additionally, investments have been made in oil and natural gas refining, ship repair, and other fields.
Healthcare System in Cyprus
The healthcare sector in Cyprus is continuously developing, with the Republic of Cyprus maintaining high levels of medical research and healthcare services development. Cyprus was one of the early adopters of the European medical tourism system and was historically a destination for natural medical treatment.
Healthcare services are provided free of charge in government hospitals and health centers for low-income individuals, workers, and refugees. Comprehensive health insurance covers all workers, their children, and spouses. It also includes retirement plans, unemployed individuals, widows, work-related injuries, disabilities, and death. There are also private clinics and numerous medical centers that offer a wide range of healthcare services.
Education in Cyprus
Education in Cyprus is compulsory from the age of five to fifteen, with pre-school education (kindergarten) being obligatory for one year before entering primary school. Primary and secondary education is free of charge. The Cypriot education system is similar to the British system, consisting of primary and secondary stages. The primary stage spans from ages five to eleven (six years of study), while the secondary stage consists of two parts: compulsory middle school and an optional high school that qualifies students for university or employment. However, some students opt for vocational training or technical institutes instead of completing the upper secondary stage.
Public schools in Cyprus follow a rigorous curriculum. While Turkish or Greek is the predominant language in public schools, English is the primary language in private schools. There are also schools with other languages of instruction, such as French and German. Tuition fees for private schools vary from one institution to another.
On the other hand, higher education in the Republic of Cyprus is popular among foreigners. Approximately 25,000 students study in Cypriot universities, with at least a third of them being international students. Cyprus has a number of universities offering programs in various fields, from business and medicine to computer science and tourism management. Despite Turkish being the official language in Northern Cyprus, the language of instruction at Cypriot universities is primarily English or Turkish, giving students the freedom to choose between English and Turkish as their language of study.
Here are some of the most popular universities among international students:
Cyprus Health And Social Sciences University
These were the main features and characteristics of the Republic of Cyprus. Feel free to contact us if you have any inquiries about studying in Cyprus, tuition fees at Cypriot universities, or to secure your academic seat at one of the top universities in Cyprus.
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